How to Stay Safe From Coronavirus? 8 Most Important Safety Measures to Stay Safe from Covid-19
December 2019 witnessed an outbreak of a novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China and ever since, the spread of the virus had seen a massive spike with around 14.7 million confirmed cases reported across the globe as of 22nd July, 2020. With various countries and respective governments taking precautionary measures to curb the spread, the critical responsibility lies on individuals to take all the safety measures in order to keep the Covid-19 at bay.
Covid-19 symptoms are at most times similar to other respiratory virus infections such as influenza and is hard to confirm without the PCR testing. The symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, body ache, etc. Most people only have mild symptoms and can be treated at home under doctor’s supervision. However, what makes the novel coronavirus serious, is the fact that the people with reduced immunity or with previous comorbidities are highly prone to catching the virus and getting severely affected. This is the main reason why it is important to avoid the virus because you might pass it on to others without realising.
Safety Measures to Stay Safe from Coronavirus
Communicable diseases such as Coronavirus pandemic have high rate of transmission thus also increasing the risk of infection. With appropriate safety measures, personal hygiene, social distancing, and preventive practices, it is absolutely possible to stay protected from the virus.
Coronavirus spreads mostly through droplets during sneezing, talking, or coughing. Even though the droplets don’t go farther than 6 feet, the virus can travel through tiny aerosol particles and can stay in the air for up to 3 hours. Hence, it is quite essential to take absolute precautions in everyday actions to stay away from catching the virus. There are a list of safety guidelines as given by CDC that ensure utmost precaution in these situation.
List of Healthy Practices to Protect Yourself from Covid-19
- Wash hands often
- Use sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content
- Avoid touching your face
- Cover your face while coughing or sneezing
- Avoid close contact with people
- Wear a facemask while going out
- Clean and disinfect surfaces frequently
- Stay at home
The first and foremost factor in keeping yourself safe from catching the virus is to take preventive measures. Here are some important practices to be followed:
1. Wash your hands often:
Washing hands with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds is highly recommended to get rid of the virus. Wash your hands after coming from outside, after using the washroom, before eating, after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. It is recommended that you take a bath with warm water after coming home from outside.
You should wash your hands before touching your face, after handling your facemask, after changing a diaper, after caring for someone sick, and before and after touching pets.
2. Use Sanitizer Frequently:
If you do not have access to water or soap, use an alcohol based hand sanitizer with a minimum of 60% alcohol content. Always carry a sanitizer if you are going out and use it if you touch anything such as railings, lift buttons, door handles, knobs, etc. Make sure you are absolutely aware of any foreign surface you touch and do not forget to sanitize your hands thoroughly after that.
3. Do Not Touch Your Face:
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, mouth, chin, and other facial areas with unwashed or unsanitized hands. That is one of the foremost means of the virus transferring from your hands to your body.
It is important to note that you should not touch your face while wearing or removing your mask, which indirectly defies the whole purpose of protection. Make sure you hold the strings of the mask while wearing or removing it and do not touch the mask’s covering area with bare hands.
4. Cover Your Face:
Make sure you cover your nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing with a tissue or a handkerchief and discard it immediately in the dustbin or you can fold the handkerchief until you get it washed with hot water. If you do not have both of those, cough on sneeze in your elbow and not in your hands.
5. Avoid Close Contact With People:
Covid-19 is often asymptomatic in many and might go unnoticed in people with high immunity, such people however can be the virus carriers and can transmit the disease to you. Hence, you should avoid meeting people at all costs but if that is impossible, maintain safety measures and a safe distance from others. It is recommended that you practice social distancing and maintain a minimum of 6 feet or 2 hands distance from others while talking or meeting and do not shake hands with them. If you find the person visibly sick, please refrain from interacting closely and maintain a safe distance.
6. Use Facemask At All Times:
It has been advised that everyone should cover their faces with facemasks when around others or while going out in public places. However, it is not advisable to use N95 maks for general public since that is creating a scarcity for frontline workers. CDC has now recommended that any soft, breathable, and washable cloth face masks also work good for everyday use and urges people to use those instead of surgical or N95 masks.
However, it is highly recommended that you do not put face masks on kids below the age of 2 or anyone who has a history of asthma or has trouble breathing without any adult’s assistance. You can also follow CDC guidelines on how to make your own cloth facemask at home.
7. Maintain Cleanliness:
Practicing good hygiene, cleanliness is the best way to protect yourself from the virus, says CDC. Clean and disinfect surfaces in your house and office frequently with EPA registered chemical solutions.
Make sure you clean and disinfect the frequently used and touched surfaces daily. These highly used surfaces are doorknobs, door handles, light switches, tables, desks, computers, keyboards, sinks, phones, toilets, faucets, and kitchen countertops. Dirty surfaces should be cleaned with detergent or soap before using the disinfectant.
8. Stay at Home
Even though communities, workplaces, and essential services have opened, health officials say that the best way to prevent the illness is to avoid being exposed to the coronavirus. Hence, stay at home as much as possible and strictly restrict your non-essential travels at all costs.
It is also recommended to avoid all kinds of travel, especially non-essential air travel. If your work allows, work from home and stay connected with your friends, family and loved ones through phone calls, texts, video calls, and even social media.
People at Higher Risk:
People with serious underlying medical conditions such as heart, lung, liver, or kidney disease, diabetes, asthma, and severe obesity are at high risk of contracting the virus. People with weakened immune system, such as those undergoing cancer treatment or other immunocompromised conditions are highly susceptible to Covid-19.
Hence, it is very essential to take extra precautions to protect the kids, seniors, and low immunity people safe and away from the virus. Make sure they avoid their unnecessary travels and stay at home as much as possible.
If you ever feel sick or mild symptoms, quarantine yourself immediately and contact your general physician immediately. Keep track of your symptoms, follow all the guidelines and measures and seek immediate medical attention if you feel difficulty in breathing. However, you should avoid going to the Covid-19 wards if there are minimal to no symptoms since the facilities need to be also made available to patients with severe conditions who need extra care.
Remember, unavailability of promising cure or preventive vaccines and the severity of spread and the symptoms is what together has made this disease a global pandemic. However, it is very important to not panic and get overwhelmed with the information available. Stay calm, stay indoors, and stay alert for prevention is always better and safer than the cure.