Conditions Diaper rash, Eczema and Cradle cap
November 30, 2019Paediatric Dermatology
- Irritation from stool and urine. Your baby’s skin is more sensitive than adult skin, so prolonged exposure to pee and poop can irritate it. Infrequent wet diaper changes, tight diapers that are too small, or episodes of diarrhea can lead to diaper rash.
- Changes in the diet. Diaper rash is most common when a baby starts to eat solid food. A change in diet commonly results in stool changes, and this can be more irritating to a baby’s skin.
- Use of antibiotics. Antibiotics kill both good and bad bacteria, so when a baby is taking antibiotics, the amount of good bacteria in his gastrointestinal system changes. This good bacteria has many functions, one of which is regulating yeast (or what doctors call Candida) growth. When the good bacteria are altered, thanks to antibiotics, diaper rash can occur.
- Chafing simply means rubbing: Tight fitting diapers or clothing that rubs against the skin can lead to a rash just by irritation. A similar comparison would be that of a tight wet swimsuit
- Candidiasis is secondary yeast (fungal) infection. When the diaper rash starts simply as a red, irritating inflammation (also known as dermatitis), you want to act quickly because untreated dermatitis is the perfect environment for secondary yeast to grow. Picture this — the area covered by a diaper is especially warm and moist. Add in dermatitis and you have the perfect storm. Secondary candidiasis is full blown diaper rash and it looks worse with more redness and dermatitis and patches of red bumps and pustules.
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Zinc oxide oint/ moisturizers/ frequent change